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  • 大企業更青睞IoT技術
  • 本站編輯:杭州延動科技有限公司發布日期:2018-06-12 17:25 瀏覽次數:
為調查日本智能工廠發展現狀(IoT利用現狀),日本經濟產業省分別對3858家企業進行了調查,并將全體企業分為A、B、C、D、E五組(如右表),從A組到E組的IoT利用率依次提高,企業規模分為300人以上、101~300人、100人以下三個等級。橫向看,無論哪個組中,100人以下、101~300人的中小企業占比均較高,原因在于中小企業數量較多,而300人以上企業的數量較少,僅占全體企業的7.8%;從縱向來看,300人以上企業IoT利用率從A組的5.0%依次提高,在E組中的占比為15.1%,而100人以下企業的占比則呈現了依次下降的情況,101~300人企業在各組中的占比均比較穩定。由此可見,企業IoT利用以大企業為主,中小企業引入態度積極。
從實際應用上看,IoT利用提高了全體企業的決策速度,縮短了產品生命周期。從決策速度的變化上看,雖然決策維持原狀的企業占比較大,但IoT利用率越高的企業決策速度越快,E組中決策速度加速的企業占47.7%,而A組中決策速度加速的企業僅占28.2%。主打產品開發周期也與決策速度呈現了同樣的趨勢,E組中主打產品開發周期縮短的企業占比為49.3%,A組中主打產品開發周期縮短的企業占比僅為26.7%。
目前,日本中小企業IoT設備投資呈穩步增長趨勢。調查顯示,對于小企業而言,無論是決策速度還是主打產品開發周期,IoT利用率較高的企業均取得了較好的效果。其中,E組中決策速度加快的企業占比為49.3%,主打產品開發周期縮短的企業占47.1%。從設備投資預測來看(如圖5),未來三年,除E組外,投資平穩增長的企業占比較多,E組中設備投資預測微增的企業占比較大,為46.9%,同時E組中設備投資增加的比例也比其他組大,為8%。

In order to investigate the current situation of the development of Japanese intelligent factories (IoT utilization status), the Japanese economic industry province investigated 3858 enterprises, and divided all the enterprises into five groups, such as A, B, C, D and E (such as the right table). The IoT utilization rate from A group to E group increased in turn, and the enterprise scale was divided into three grades of more than 300, 101~300 and below 100. . Horizontally, no matter which group, the proportion of small and medium-sized enterprises under 100 and 101~300 people is higher, because the number of small and medium-sized enterprises is more, and the number of more than 300 enterprises is less, accounting for only 7.8% of the whole enterprise. From the vertical point of view, the IoT utilization rate of more than 300 enterprises is increased from 5% in group A, and the proportion in the group of E is 15..  1%, while the proportion of enterprises below 100 shows a decreasing trend, and the proportion of 101~300 enterprises in each group is relatively stable. It can be seen that enterprise IoT takes advantage of large enterprises, and SMEs introduce positive attitude.
From the practical application, IoT has improved the decision-making speed of all enterprises and shortened the life cycle of products. From the change of decision speed (for example, figure 3), although the enterprises with the decision to maintain the original form are relatively large, the faster the IoT utilization rate is, the faster the decision-making speed of the E group, and the 28.2% in the A group. The development cycle of the main product has also shown the same trend as decision speed (Figure 4). In group E, the proportion of enterprises with shortened product development cycle is 49.3%, and that of enterprises in group A is only 26.7% shorter than that of the main product development cycle.
At present, investment in IoT equipment for SMEs in Japan shows a steady growth trend. The survey shows that for small businesses, whether decision speed or flagship product development cycle, IoT high utilization enterprises have achieved good results. Among them, E group accounted for 49.3% of the decision making speed, and 47.1% of the main product development cycle shortened. From the investment forecast of equipment (for example, figure 5), in the next three years, in addition to the E group, the enterprises with a steady increase in investment account for a lot. The enterprises in the E group have a large increase in equipment investment forecast, which is 46.9%, and the proportion of equipment investment in the E group is also larger than that of the other groups, which is 8%.

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